Venezuela’s opposition leader, Guaido, was sworn in as a temporary president and won multi-country support including the United States and Brazil. Brazilian President Posonalo declared that “Brazil will provide all necessary political support for the restoration of the democratization process.”
In addition to Jair Bolsonaro, Colombian President Ivan Duque Marquez, Peruvian Vice President Mercedes Araoz, Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland and the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States Luis Almagro also announced support for Juan Guaido to promote Venezuela towards democracy.
However, Gleisi Hoffmann, chairman of the Brazilian Labor Party Central Party, condemned the US and Brazil initiatives, saying that “Brazil is the largest country in Latin America with political and economic influence and should coordinate with other Latin American countries, including the United States. Mediation through the situation in Venezuela.”
Brazilian experts and scholars analyzed that the United States and Brazil and other countries recognized the legitimacy of Guadeo, which exerted political pressure on the Venezuelan regime, but it did not have the ability to let Maduro down. Strictly speaking, Maduro will continue to govern Venezuela because he still has the army, the Bolivar National Guard, and the militia hired by the government. In addition, Maduro still controls the Supreme Court and the Constituent Assembly, which replaces the National Assembly.
The Brazilian government’s decision is just a series of steps that put pressure on it. At the beginning of January, other members of Brazil and the Lima Group decided not to recognize the legitimacy of the Venezuelan elections and the Maduro government. In addition to Brazil, Latin American countries such as Argentina, Canada, Chile and Colombia also signed a statement.
Brazilian political scientist Paulo Kramer pointed out that last week, Brazilian Foreign Minister Ernesto Araujo met with Venezuela’s opposition leader and the president of the Supreme Court, Miguel Martin, showing Brazil and other countries. Including the United States, the pressure to let Maduro step down is no longer just to seek the support of multilateral organizations such as the Organization of American States and the United Nations.
Nonetheless, Kramer does not believe that Brazil will take military action against the Venezuelan regime.
In fact, Brazilian Vice President Hamilton Mourao also spoke out of the military intervention in Venezuela, alleging that “interference in the internal affairs of the country is not Brazil’s foreign policy.”
Maristela Basso, a professor of international law at the University of São Paulo, also said that this is a situation of power disputes. There is no answer in international law. “In general, there are only two ways to overthrow a government: a coup or a revolution. What we are seeing now is neither The government that launched the coup and did not have a revolution announced its power.”
Basso believes that “Madulo can now try to use the power of the public sector to take the protesters away from the streets. The question is whether the public sector will follow the orders of Maduro.”
Credit : https://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201901240154.aspx